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Beadle, George Wells (Biologist, Nobel Laureate)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1903 - 1989

Biographical/Historical

Background: Nobel Laureate in Physiology and Medicine, 1958; Caltech Professor of Biology and Chairman, Division of Biology, 1946-1961; Caltech Research Fellow, 1931-36; President of the University of Chicago, 1961-68.
Biographical/Historical Description: George Beadle, Edward L. Tatum and Joshua Lederberg were awarded the Nobel Prize for their 1941 research that first suggested each of the biochemical reactions of a cell is governed by a particular gene. This led to the idea that each gene controls the production of a particular enzyme. Their discovery was made by subjecting red bread mold Neurospora to X-rays and ultraviolet light to produce mutations. Beadle also worked with other organisms that are major tools of theoretical genetics--Drosophila, which he first studied under Thomas Hunt Morgan at Caltech in the 1930s, and maize, in which he maintained a life-long interest from his college days. Later in his career, Beadle proved to be an able administrator, admired by staff and students.
Biographical/Historical Collection Notes: Papers, 1903-1983. A rich source of information about Beadle's life and work, this collection also presents an important historical perspective on the Caltech scientific and political community during the 1940s and 1950s. It includes letters, manuscripts, reports, biographical and genealogical material, photographs, awards and miscellaneous material.

Collection size: 39 boxes, 15 linear ft.

Finding aid available at the Archives.

Photo of George W. Beadle (PhotoNet).

Also see: Caltech Committee Files

Found in 25 Collections and/or Records:

George Wells Beadle Papers

 Collection
Identifier: 10044-MS
Overview George Wells Beadle served as Chairman of the Biology Division at the California Institute of Technology (1946-1961); President of the University of Chicago (1961-1968); recipient of numerous prestigious awards including the Nobel Prize in Physiology for his studies in genetics (1958); member of councils and boards both in government and the private sector; awarded honorary degrees from many universities, including Yale (1947), Oxford (1959), Brown (1964) and The University of Michigan (1969)....
Dates: 1908-1984

Beadle Symposium (centennial)

 Unprocessed
Identifier: 2004-00019

Emil Christian Hansen Medal

 Unprocessed
Identifier: 1999-00038

Kimber Genetics Award

 Unprocessed
Identifier: 1999-00040

Kimber Genetics Award

 Unprocessed
Identifier: 1999-00041

Lasker Award

 Unprocessed
Identifier: 1999-00036

Lasker Award

 Unprocessed
Identifier: 1999-00037

Lively Arts Forum Lecture

 Unprocessed
Identifier: 1998-00028

Lively Arts Forum Lecture

 Unprocessed
Identifier: 2003-00027

Memorial Service

 Unprocessed
Identifier: 1989-00031

Nobel Medal

 Unprocessed
Identifier: 1999-00039