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Pauling, Linus (Chemist, Nobel Laureate)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1901 - 1994

Biographical/Historical

Background: Nobel Laureate, 1954 (chemistry) and 1962 (peace); Caltech professor of chemistry, 1927-1964 (emeritus 1971-1994); chairman of the Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, 1937-1958; Caltech alumnus (PhD, 1925).
Biographical/Historical Description: As the only person ever to win two unshared Nobel Prizes, Pauling was one of the exceptional scientists of his time. His work in the 1930s focused on explaining why molecules form and have the structures and properties they do. He then turned his attention to the application of atomic or wave mechanics to all kinds of chemical problems. By 1951 he and his collaborator, Robert Corey, announced they had discovered the structure of several types of protein molecules. During the 1950s he was suspected of pro-Soviet leanings. Though he disclaimed any association with the Communist Party, he had his passport withdrawn in 1952 and 1954. Despite being threatened with imprisonment, he successfully defied Senator Joseph McCarthy by refusing to reveal the names of those who had helped him to circulate his petition for nuclear disarmament.
Biographical/Historical Collection Notes: Oral History, 1984. This 32-page oral history covers Pauling's reasons for coming to Caltech; his memories of A. A. Noyes, Roscoe G. Dickinson, Richard Tolman; five years spent at Berkeley (1925-30); nuclear physics in the 1930s; Noyes's death; relationship between biology and chemistry at Caltech in the 1930s; Pauling's research in the 20s and 30s; beginning of DuBridge's tenure as president; tensions in the chemistry division; decision to leave Caltech in the 1960s.

Miscellaneous material, c. 1959-1960. Included are interviews conducted by Robert Cohen in 1960; magazine articles, 1959-61; and photographs.

Collection size: 1 box, 0.5 linear ft.

Inventory available at the Archives.

Photo of Linus Pauling (PhotoNet)

Also see: Robert Corey; Chemistry Division Files.

Found in 45 Collections and/or Records:

75th Birthday Party

 Unprocessed
Identifier: 1987-00302

75th Birthday Party

 Unprocessed
Identifier: 2002-00433

90th Birthday Dinner

 Unprocessed
Identifier: 1991-00150

Robert F. Bacher Papers

 Collection
Identifier: 10105-MS
Overview The working papers, correspondence, publications, photos and biographical materials of Robert F. Bacher (1905-2004) form the collection known as the Papers of Robert F. Bacher in the Archives of the California Institute of Technology. Bacher was a nuclear physicist who during World War II worked on radar at the MIT Radiation Laboratory and then from 1943 at Los Alamos on the atomic bomb. He was one of the first members of the US Atomic Energy Commission (1946-49). He served on the faculty and...
Dates: 1924-1994

Caltech Y talk

 Unprocessed
Identifier: 2000-00207

Caltech Y talk

 Unprocessed
Identifier: 1987-00303

Crusading Scientist

 Unprocessed
Identifier: 1986-00510

Good Molecules For Good Health

 Unprocessed
Identifier: 1986-00508

Interview with Hans Kuhn

 Unprocessed
Identifier: 1997-00087

Jürg Waser Audios

 Unprocessed
Identifier: 2019-00006

Memorial Service

 Unprocessed
Identifier: 1995-00240

Memorial Service

 Unprocessed
Identifier: 1995-00241